Gardening (weeding, watering, fertilizing, hoeing)
Our ancestors used to say: "The earth feeds like a mother." And they knew that careful attitude to the land will definitely pay off many times. In order for the soil to be fertile and to please gardeners with rich harvests, timely quality care is needed for it. This is not always an easy task, but it will not slow down to bring results. What is the care of the garden? Under the care of the garden, usually mean:- loosening of the soil;- weeding and maintenance of the soil in a weed-free form;- thinning of seedlings;- hoeing;- top dressing;- watering of plants;- fight against parasites and diseases.Weeding and loosening of the soil is usually performed together with loosening of the soil. These two processes are ideally combined, since both one and the second give the soil the opportunity to "breathe". During the summer, the number of weeding and loosening reaches 4-6 times, depending on the clogging of the garden and weather conditions. It is especially important to carry out weeding and loosening of row spacing to preserve moisture for young shoots immediately after the seeds have sprung.It is necessary to loosen the soil after heavy rains and downpours, as a crust forms on the surface of the soil, which prevents ventilation. In addition, usually, after the rains, the active growth of not only cultivated plants, but also weeds begins, therefore weeding is necessary. And from the soil softened by rains, the roots of weeds are pulled out more easily.Plant hoeing is necessary for plant roots to receive more nutrients from the soil, as well as to retain moisture for the root system of plants and, as a result, for the formation of new roots. Potatoes, cabbage, tomatoes and cucumbers especially need hoeing. Potatoes need to be hoed twice a season. The first time is when the tops grow to 12-15 cm, and the second time is 12-15 days after that. Tomatoes only need to be hoed once, when the stem is 6-7 cm high. Cabbage needs hoeing twice, and its later varieties - 3 times. It is best to carry out hoeing after watering plants or after rain. Then the soil is softer and more pliable.Watering plants How often you need to water the garden depends on what crops are planted, on climatic and weather conditions. If there is no precipitation at all or there are very few of them, then watering vegetables on sandy soils should be carried out every 2-3 days, and on loamy soils - every 4-6 days. The average amount of water used is 2 buckets per square meter.Watering should be carried out, retreating from the stems by 10-15 cm. Thus, the water will penetrate to a depth, into the root system of plants. Tomatoes, cabbage, potatoes are best watered in the formed wells. The ladle or mug with which the vegetables are watered is kept as low as possible to the ground. Watering should be carried out in the evening, when the sun has already set or early in the morning.To keep moisture for the roots of plants as long as possible, holes and furrows are mulched with stale sawdust, peat, sand, humus, tops and other plant residues.Top dressing of plants is carried out to increase the yield. The amount of top dressing depends on the plant, as well as on the composition of the soil. You can use both dry and liquid top dressing based on organic and mineral fertilizers. Mineral top dressing is available in any store for gardeners and gardeners. Organic liquid top dressing can be prepared by waving bird droppings, mullein or slurry with water. We breed the litter in a ratio of 1:8, mullein or slurry - 1:5. There are no bad jobs, but there are bad workers, visit this site online casino ice casino login and learn how to make good money.